IndyVet Emergency & Specialty Hospital

Ophthalmology


Examination

IndyVet provides examinations on dogs, cats, and exotic species using slit-lamp biomicroscopy, direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy, Schirmer tear testing, topical fluorescein staining, and tonometry. Additional diagnostic testing can be performed including ocular ultrasonography, electroretinography, and CT. Usually the entire exam is completed in the exam room with the client present.

Initial evaluations will require 30 to 90 minutes depending on the presenting complaint.

OFA Eye Registry Foundation

IndyVet performs examinations on breeding dogs or puppies to screen them for heritable eye disease. OFA registry examinations include slit lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy to thoroughly evaluate the eyes for diseases of genetic or heritable cause. IndyVet will provide clients with a copy of the exam sheet that can be mailed to OFA for certification. For more information, please visit the OFA Website.

Surgery

IndyVet performs a wide variety of ocular surgical procedures:
  • Burr keratectomy for indolent corneal ulcers
  • Cataract surgery with prosthetic lens replacement
  • Eyelid surgeries to correct abnormal position of eyelids (entropion and ectropion)
  • Cryotherapy for distichiasis (abnormal eyelid hairs) and eyelid tumors
  • Treatment of ectopic cilia using electrocautery and cryotherapy
  • Diode laser treatment of epibulbar melanomas
  • Prophylactic and therapeutic diode laser retinopexy
  • Transscleral cyclophotocoagulation for glaucoma
  • Enucleation (eye removal) for intraocular tumors, end stage glaucoma and globe rupture
  • Evisceration and prosthesis for end stage glaucoma
  • Corneal surgeries for deep corneal ulcers, sequestrums, or non-healing ulcers

Medication Refills

Please email eyes@indyvet.com or call 317-782-4484 to obtain a refill of your pets' ophthalmic medications. When leaving a message by phone or email, please include your name, your pet's name, the name of the drug needing to be refilled, the quantity you are requesting, and the best way to contact you. Refills may be called into a local pharmacy or refilled at IndyVet, and can be mailed to the client upon request.

The Indiana Veterinary Practice Act prohibits veterinarians from legally refilling medications if the patient has not been examined within the past one year. If the patient has not been examined at IndyVet within the past one year, please recognize that a recheck exam would be required prior to prescribing refills.

How Do I Know My Pet Is Having An Eye Problem?

The following are signs that your pet is having an eye problem and should be evaluated:
  • Squinting or holding the eye(s) shut
  • Scratching or rubbing at the eye(s)
  • Swelling or tumors of the eye(s) or eyelid(s)
  • A change in appearance of the eyes, especially cloudiness or redness
  • Any change in vision, whether slow or sudden in onset
  • Excessive green or yellow discharge from the eyes

What Is A Veterinary Ophthalmologist?

Veterinary ophthalmologists are veterinarians that specialize in diagnosing and treating eye diseases of animals. Veterinary ophthalmologists perform comprehensive examinations of the eye using magnification and good light sources to evaluate all structures of the eye. Ophthalmologists treat some eye diseases with medication while others require surgical intervention.

A veterinary ophthalmologist has been extensively trained to provide the best care for your pet's vision. Similar to a human eye doctor, veterinary ophthalmologists go through years of specialized training. After college, they will spend four years in veterinary school, followed by a one year general internship and a three year residency program. During the residency program, they see cases and perform surgery under the guidance of board certified veterinary ophthalmologists, and many publish research papers on eye diseases in veterinary journals. After their residency, veterinary ophthalmologists are required to take a rigorous 3-day board examination that evaluates their knowledge and surgical skills through a written and practical test. Once all qualifications are met, the person is certified as a veterinary ophthalmologist or a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (DACVO). To learn more about the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists, visit http://www.acvo.org.

Learn More:
Is my veterinarian board certified?
Certification process of a board certified ophthalmologist.
Why utilize a veterinary specialist?

How To Make An Appointment With The Ophthalmologist?

Please call 317-782-4484 to make an appointment. Although emergency exams can be accommodated, most examinations are by scheduled appointment. It is helpful to have the client bring all medications the patient is currently being treated with to the appointment. A summary record of the pet's previous care can be emailed or faxed to IndyVet prior to the appointment. The client will be asked to fill out a questionnaire about the current eye problem upon arrival.

Emergencies

The emergency service can initially evaluate an ocular problem that occurs after hours or on the weekend. The emergency veterinarian can always consult with or call in the ophthalmologist to evaluate, treat, or perform emergency surgery when necessary.

Some common eye symptoms that require immediate evaluation include:
  • A very red eye
  • Bleeding in the eye or blood coming from the eye
  • A cloudy/blue eye
  • Foreign body in the eye
  • Severe squinting
  • Swelling of the eye or lids
  • A sudden depression appearing in the cornea (the clear front portion of the eye)
  • Bulging of the eye itself

Ophthalmic Disease Information

Want to read about a specific topic? Please visit www.acvo.org, the ACVO Website discussing information on common eye diseases and surgeries or click on a specific link below.

Blinddogs.net
Blinddogs.com
Cataracts
ACVO: Cataract, You, and Your Pet
Cherry eye (Third eyelid gland prolapse)
Corneal ulcer
Distichiasis
Entropion
Genetic Eye Test
Geriatric eye changes
Glaucoma
Feline Herpes Virus
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Dry eye or KCS)
Pannus or Chronic superficial keratitis
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Detachment
Sudden Aquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome (SARDS)
Uveitis

Ophthalmology Staff

Heidi Klein, DVM, MS, DACVO
Sara Moore, RVT


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